Pain science is the study of the biological, psychological, and social factors that contribute to the experience of pain. It encompasses the understanding of how pain is perceived and processed by the body, as well as the factors that influence pain sensitivity and pain tolerance.
Pain science research has led to a more comprehensive understanding of pain, including the recognition that pain is not just a sensation, but a complex experience that can be influenced by a variety of factors such as emotions, beliefs, past experiences, and social context.
One of the key findings of pain science is that pain is not solely a product of tissue damage, but rather a complex interaction between the nervous system, the immune system, and the brain. This understanding has led to a shift away from the traditional biomedical model of pain, which focused solely on treating the underlying cause of pain, towards a more biopsychosocial model, which recognizes that pain is a multidimensional experience that is influenced by many factors.
Another important aspect of pain science is the understanding that chronic pain is not just a continuation of acute pain but a separate condition that requires a different approach for treatment.
Pain science has also contributed to the development of new pain management techniques such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, mindfulness-based stress reduction, and acceptance and commitment therapy that are aimed at addressing the psychological and social factors that contribute to pain.
Overall, pain science is an interdisciplinary field that brings together knowledge from many different fields, including neuroscience, psychology, and sociology, to better understand the complex experience of pain and to develop more effective treatment strategies.
Dr John Petrozzi PhD, principal chiropractor at Body Mind Central incorporates evidence-based pain science in everyday patient care. He completed his PhD at the University of Sydney in the study of chronic back pain. These studied reinforced the concept that chronic and ongoing back pain is a combination of physical, habitual, mental, emotional and social complex factors that work together and heighten the sensation of pain. At Body Mind Central, John and his team use contemporary evidence-based pain science knowledge for the management of injuries and pain.
Evidence-based pain management in chiropractic practice
Evidence-based pain management in chiropractic practice is an approach that involves using the best available research evidence to guide the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of pain. This approach emphasises the use of objective measures and evidence-based interventions to manage pain and improve function.
One key aspect of evidence-based pain management in chiropractic practice is the use of a thorough assessment process to identify the underlying causes of pain and to develop an individualised treatment plan. This may include the use of standardised tests and measures to assess pain intensity, range of motion, strength, and function, as well as patient-reported outcomes.
Another important aspect of evidence-based pain management in chiropractic practice is the use of evidence-based interventions to manage pain. This may include manual therapy techniques such as mobilisation and manipulation, exercise-based interventions such as stretching and strengthening exercises, and modalities such as massage, vibration therapy, acupuncture stimulation, nutritional and lifestyle advise.
Education and self-management strategies are an integral component of evidence-based pain management in chiropractic practice. This may include teaching patients about pain and how it works, providing them with information about how to manage their pain, and helping them to develop a pain management plan that is tailored to their individual needs and goals.
Overall, evidence-based pain management in chiropractic practice is an approach that emphasises the use of the best available research evidence to guide the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of pain. This approach is aimed at providing patients with effective, individualised care that is based on the latest scientific research, in order to help them to manage their pain and improve their function.